Carolyn Enquist

Deputy Director - DOI Southwest Climate Science Center
Adjunct Assistant Professor - School of Natural Resources

Adaptation Programs/Projects

  • Adaptation Planning for Navy and Marine Corps Installations in Southern California, jointly led by DoD collaborators
  • Developing a Framework for Climate-informed Monitoring in the Context of Climate Smart Conservation, led by the USA-NPN; serving as a trainer served in related National Conservation Training Center course on Climate Smart Conservation.
  • Scanning the Conservation Horizon: A Guide to Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment, led by the National Wildlife Federation; served as a trainer in related National Conservation Training Center course.

Selected Publications

  • Enquist, C.A.F., J.L. Kellermann, K.L. Gerst, and A.J. Miller-Rushing. 2014. Phenology research for natural resource management in the U.S. International Journal of Biometeorology, DOI 10.1007/s00484-013-0772-6.
  • Stein, B.A., A. Staudt, M. S. Cross, N. Dubois, C. Enquist, R. Griffis, L. Hansen, J. Hellman, J. Lawler, E. Nelson, and A. Pairis,  2013. Preparing for and managing change: climate adaptation for biodiversity and ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11: 502-510, 2013.
  • Cross, M.S., P.D. McCarthy, G. Garfin, D. Gori, C. Enquist. Accelerating climate change adaptation in vulnerable landscapes across the southwestern United States. Conservation Biology 27: 4-13, 2013.
  • Cross, M., E. Zavaleta, D. Bachelet, M. Brooks, C. Enquist, E. Fleishman, L. Graumlich, C. Groves, L. Hannah, L. Hansen, G. Hayward, M. Koopman, J. Lawler, J. Malcolm, J. Nordgren, B. Petersen, E. Rowland, D. Scott, S. Shafer, R. Shaw, and G. Tabor. 2012. The Adaptation for Conservation Targets (ACT) framework: A tool for incorporating climate change into natural resource management, Environmental Management, 50:341-351, 2012.
  • Cross, M., E. Girvetz, A. Schragg, and C. Enquist. Integrating Climate Change Science into Large- Scale Conservation, In: Conservation and Climate Disruption: Ecoregional Science and Practice in a Changing Climate (Eds. C.C. Chester, J.A. Hilty, and M.S. Cross), Island Press, 2012.
  • West, J.M., P. Kareiva, C. Enquist, A. Johnson, S.H. Julius, J. Lawler, B. Petersen, L. Pitelka, R. Shaw. 2009. U.S. natural resources and climate change: concepts and approaches for management adaptation, Envronmental Management, 44(6): 1001-1021, 2009.   

Employment Highlights

  • Science and Applications Coordinator, USA National Phenology Network
  • Lead Author, Natural Ecosystems, Southwest Climate Assessment
  • Lead Author, Biodiversity, Adaptation, Indicators, National Climate Assessment
  • Conceptualized and launched the Southwest Climate Change Initiative on behalf of the Nature Conservancy.
  • Lead Author, Preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources, U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research


  • Ph.D., Ecology, University of New Mexico, 2002
  • M.S., Biology, Ecology Program, University of New Mexico, 1998
  • B.A., International Relations/French, Mount Holyoke College, 1990
Geographic Area
Expertise Area
Biological Models for Adaptation
Climate Assessment
Ecology and Restoration
Interdisciplinary Problem-Solving
Monitoring and Remote Sensing
Natural Resources Management
Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach
Vulnerability Assessment